Integrated reverse supply chain model for food waste based on industry 4.0 revolutions: A case study of producing the household waste recycling machine

Main Article Content

Sharareh Mohajeri
Fatemeh Harsej
Mahboubeh Sadeghpour
Jahanfar Khaleghi Nia


Reverse supply chain, Food waste, Industry 4.0 Revolutions, recycling machine


The present research offeres a model to the advantage of operations for the food reverse supply chain by performancing Industry 4.0 Revolutions model of expanding a fuzzy multi-phase model for the food waste gathering reverse supply chain. This study introduces, a household waste recycling machine, which symbolizes the Industry 4.0 Revolutions. Also, electric-type vehicles have been considered for collection and delivery in accordance with the Industry 4.0 Revolutions. The rate of technology has been described in recycling stations. Several methods with different technologies to recycle food waste have been selected and assessed based on the Industry 4.0 Revolutions indicators. The food wastes are sent to recycling stations, that is places maintained, operated or used to store, buy or sell wastes before they recycled with appropriate technology. The understudy model is multi-objective, maximizing the benefit of recycling and customer response and minimizing the adverse effects of environmental pollution and transportation costs. In this research, the whale optimization algorithm is applied. The present work proposes an end-to-end solution for Reverse Supply Chain Management for food waste based on the Industry 4.0 Revolutions.

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