Thin layer drying kinetics of lemon verbena leaves: a quality assessment and mathematical modeling

Main Article Content

Javid Ghasemi
Mehdi Moradi
Sayed Hossein Karparvarfard
Mohammad Taghi Golmakani
Amin Mousavi Khaneghah



The thin-layer drying kinetics of lemon verbena leaves were studied by using a solar cabinet dryer at air tempera-ture (at three levels of 30, 40, and 50°C), air velocity (at three levels of 2, 2.5, and 3 m/s), and mesh tray size (3, 6, and 10 mm). A completely randomized factorial design was used to analyze the effect of independent factors on drying time and essential oil yield. Results showed that all experiments have shorter drying time and higher essen-tial oil content than the shade-drying method. Also, the best drying conditions that led to an optimal essential oil yield (1.73 mL/g DM) involved a lower temperature (30°C) and velocity (2 m/s) and a mesh size of 10 mm. A good adaptation between the experimental and the predicted moisture content was observed, whereby the statistical criteria of R2, root mean square error, and k2 were calculated as 0.99, 0.08, and 0.01, respectively.

Practical applications
In the current study, the effect of different drying states such as air velocity and drying temperature was studied on the drying behaviors and essential oil contents of lemon verbena leaves. The obtained results can lead us to a suitable drying condition that can be used in the subsequent designation of systems. Also, a mathematical model for the pre-diction of the leaves’ drying kinetics was constructed and evaluated, which could be approached in the drying systems.

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