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bioactive compounds, einkorn wheat, fatty acids, wheat oil
Einkorn (Triticum monococcum L.) is one of the ancient wheat varieties which is rich in various functional components. The present research evaluated peroxide, refractive index, fatty acids composition, total carotenoids, chlorophyll content and colour values of einkorn grain and its oil. Total phenolic content and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity analyses were performed with whole wheat, defatted wheat and wheat oil. Whole wheat extract showed a higher total phenolic content and radical scavenging activity than defatted wheat and wheat oil extracts. The results showed that almost all of the phenolic compounds do not transfer during extraction from whole wheat to the wheat oil. Total oil yield of einkorn wheat was 1.58%. A major part of the composition of fatty acids in einkorn wheat oil was linoleic (49.43%), oleic (34.34%) and palmitic acid (10.27%). Total carotenoids in einkorn wheat oil was averaged as 12.33 mg/kg, total chlorophyll content was 0.73 mg/kg.
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